4 May 2016

PTE & IELTS Practice Resource



English Grammar: http://englishteststore.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11387&Itemid=380




1. General :  https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B3nXticqd36dRW9EY1lRQXNXTVE&usp=sharing

2. Speaking: https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B3nXticqd36dYXp6UFd3a0x4ZnM&usp=sharing

                        To practice voice to text: use https://www.google.com/intl/en/chrome/demos/speech.html


          Repeat sentence: http://www.manythings.org/videos/tom/

         How to score well in speaking: http://pteacademicpreparation.blogspot.in/2015/08/how-to-score-well-in-speaking-speaking.html

3. Writing: https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B3nXticqd36dWnZ4M282VHVqYk0&usp=sharing

4. Reading: https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B3nXticqd36deWtDSzFnRGQ2eGM&usp=sharing

                  Re-order: http://www.lofoya.com/Verbal-Test-Questions-and-Answers/Parajumbles/l1p1

                 Multiple Choice: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73ZDMd3KmjU&list=PLx4mnrtfZomb-t9uQSfK6z1QKf_MFSzZA

5. Listening:  https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B3nXticqd36dZXJOcVpOQzNCdjA&usp=sharing

                 Shailesh: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rN7Tit2qKm4&list=PLOjxOIOtmBvG_-hmB8iQmzLHG_MsZiu3U

               Fill the gap: http://englishteststore.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13634&Itemid=225%3f





Youtube Resource:

1. Essay Writing : Ryan Channel : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCKrhTJTTUp9Kx2KEoxGp2QA

2. Speaking :Emma Channel:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sRFEKvsw-vs

3. Shailesh channel: For Practice:





1. Band 8-9 Essays Samples:



2. Essay Topics:

1) The environment we are living in danger due to various problems . Who do

you think is responsible for solving it? Is it the role of the government,

individuals or organizations.?

2) Successful sports star and glamorous film stars are a role model for

youngster. Do you support or not?

3) Some people believe laws can change human behavior? Do you agree

with it?

4) It has been noticed that now a days large shopping malls are replacing

small shops What is your opinion about this? Discuss with appropriate


5) Now a days, television has become an integral part of one s life not only to

spread news and awareness but also as a companion. Describe in details.

6) Climate change is affecting the world. What is the result of this change to

mankind. Who should be responsible for this- The government,

individuals or organization?

7) What are the positive and negative aspects of Adventure Sports?

8) What are the positive and negative aspects of tourism?

9) Sports is an appropriate means to ease tension and release patriotic

emotions in both domestic and international levels. Do you agree of


10) What are the positive and negative What are the positive and

negative effects of the information revolution through mass media?

11) The top level authorities of a company should take the advice of the

employees for suggestions and ideas. Do you agree or disagree?

12) Many people think that the regions affect successful person. What is

your opinion about native region and accomplished person ?

13) Is English losing its importance as an international language due to the

effect of globalization?

14) Technology is not a curse than a boon to mankind. Do you agree or


​15) Parents should be held legally responsible for their children's acts. What is

your opinion?

16) What is the best invention made in the last 100 years. Computers,

Antibiotics, Airplane? Give reasons for your answer?

16) In the future, illiterates will not be the those who cannot read, they

will be the ones who do not know how to learn. What are your views?.

17) What are the positive and the negative roles of the latest

technological developments?

18) Communication has changed significantly in the last 10 years.

Discuss the positive and negative impacts of the change.

19) Do you think that formal written examinations are a good way to

assess knowledge at school?

20) Learning a new language at an early age is helpful for students. Do

you think it has positive or adverse effects?

21) Education is the biggest barrier in my learning—Einstein. What did

Einstein mean by this according to you. Do you agree with what he said.

22) Some people think that placing advertisements in school is a great

resource for public schools that need additional funding, but others think it

exploits children by keeping them captive audience for corporate

sponsors. Choose which position do you agree with.

23) Do you think consumers should avoid over packed food or is it the

responsibility of the producers to avoid extra packaging or products? Give

your views.

24) Marketing strategy for big companies should be based on offers and

discounts. In what way do these impact on our reputation.

25) Do you think that settling down before completing education is a

good choice. OR is it better to get a job before settling down?

26) Now a days, Vandalism has increased a lot in soccer and other

games. What are the causes and what can be done to curb it.

Difference between Proxy and Firewall.




Now all your network traffic is passing through the proxy and it can alter it:

  • It can replace the User Agent string with some meaningless string or strip out the referrers.
  • It can accept all cookies, but not pass them to you, or it can block them altogether.
  • It’s the proxy that’s connecting to the server, not you, so your IP isn’t disclosed.
  • A proxy can be set up to work system-wide, so programs won’t be able to bypass it.

There are also some extra features that a proxy can provide:

  • It can compress your traffic to save some bandwidth.
  • It can cache files to give a little boost to page load times.
  • It can strip ads from websites before they reach your computer.
  • It can block malicious websites.

And finally, it can be used not only against filters, but also as a filter!

19 Apr 2016

Top reasons to have Software Governance


Development Stage

What needs governance

How do we (or tools/techniques used for) govern?

Business Problem

  • The source of problem statement (real business case vs. developer’s wish)
  • Project roadmap, timeline and resource constraints
  • Process exists to ensure right stakeholders are engaged, agreed upon project roadmap is defined, and resource pool, delivery timeline and risks are identified

Requirement Gathering

  • Use Case and Requirements
  • Effort level and Risks
  • Requirement document reviewed and signed off from all major stakeholders (business, development and testing teams)


  • Alignment with corporate IT
  • Non FRs like Performance, Security
  • Architecture Review


  • Design guidelines
  • Design review


  • Code Quality
  • Feature implementation
  • Code Review
  • Code Coverage
  • Feature Demo


  • Test Plan and Strategy
  • Test Results and Coverage
  • Score card on Non-FRs
  • Review of Test Plan, Strategy, Coverage, and Results
  • Review of Non-FRs score card or compliance report


  • Documents
  • Documentation Review


  • Deployment Instructions
  • Deployment document review
  • Deployment team’s feedback on ease of deployment and 1st few weeks report from production

Service / Maintenance

  • Ease of troubleshooting
  • Number of Customer found defects
  • New feature request
  • Tracking production defects and ensuring root cause analysis done on the same
  • Assess and feed feature requests to next release’s project requirements
  • Process to have regular feedback from service team’s

13 Apr 2016

How to Structure Essay writing to score High in IELTS PTE


1. Understand the Type of the Question.

2. List the Scope

3. List the Idea

4. List out the keywords and vocabulary to use.
5. Develop the Format

6. ProofRead and Enrich.




1. Understand the Type of the Question.

Based on the question demands, identify whether it is
           a. Discussion
           b. Argument

argu  discuss
    For both the type have 2 main ideas.

2. List the Scope
        As given in the question, identify scope of the article by listing 3-4  keywords.

        Whole article has to revolve around these keywords.

3. List the Idea

        a. Idea 1:  For Para1 : Teachers can change the approach of teaching.

        b. Idea 2: For Para2: Motivation, inspiration, discipline

        c. Idea 3: For Comparing

4. List out the keywords and vocabulary to use.

      Refer: http://surenova.blogspot.in/2016/04/top-9-linking-sentences-to-be-used-in.html

5.  Develop the Format


6. Proof Reading:

    Spelling, broken links, and vocabulary.






    Technology has been increasingly used  throughout the world. This is very apparent in classrooms today.It is disagreed that technology will replace the teachers in class room.

    This will be proved by analyzing how teachers can crater to the needs of their students as well as motivate and discipline them.A very important aspect of teaching is ability of the teacher to shape their teaching style to the needs of their students.
As an example, If students in any give class are having trouble understanding a classroom topic, a teacher can rephrase the topic and deliver it in more effective way.

    A computerized teacher would be less in-tune with what students require and thus would be incapable of doing this.
Thus, technology will not replace teachers.Motivation and disciple are key to student’s academic success in class room.
This is very apparent, when teaching children as children require more motivation and discipline to be taught effectively.Technology based teacher simply cannot accomplish this as certain situations demands judgement as to whether the student is acting in appropriate manner.

    After analyzing, it is clear that the teachers will always be needed in the classroom.
Following the analyzation of the teacher’s ability to crater the students as well as their capability of guiding towards success,.
it is clear that technology will never replace teachers and class room
It is expected that , technology will act as a supplement to teachers.


210 Words.

Top 9 Linking Sentences to be used in Essays

Image result for essay


1. “In order to understand X, we need first to understand Y.”
2. “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.”
3. “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of research provide compelling evidence in support of…”
4. “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…”
5. The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to mention its impact on the country’s economy.”
6. Scholar A thinks this. However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion
7.The historical evidence appears to suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.”
8. We may use this as evidence to support our argument, provided that we bear in mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.
9.“In conclusion, the evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.”

3 Apr 2016

SOLID Principles


Single Responsibility Principle
       There should never be more than one reason for a class to change.

Open Closed Principle
       Module should be open for extension but closed for modification.
      Eg: For existing 10 algorithm, if I have to add 11th algorithm it should allow for extension.

Liskov Substitution Principle
    Functions which uses reference of base class, should be able to use objects of derived class without knowing them.
    Eg: Program generic Interface, and do not refer concrete classes.

Interface Segregation Principle
    Many client interface are better than one generic Interface.

Dependency Inversion Principle
High level modules should not depend on low level modules. Do not depend on many classes, depend on Interfaces or abstractions.
Both should depend on abstractions.
Abstractions should not depend on details.
Details should depend on details.
Program to interface, not to concrete classes.